History of the Peloponnesian War

Thucydides

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dutton. 1910.

The city of Epidamnus stands on the right of the entrance of the Ionic gulf.

Its vicinity is inhabited by the Taulantians, an Illyrian people.

The place is a colony from Corcyra,

founded by Phalius, son of Eratocleides, of the family of the Heraclids, who had according to ancient usage been summoned for the purpose from Corinth, the mother country.

The colonists were joined by some Corinthians, and others of the Dorian race.

Now, as time went on, the city of Epidamnus became great and populous;

but falling a prey to factions arising, it is said, from a war with her neighbors the barbarians, she became much enfeebled, and lost a considerable amount of her power.

The last act before the war was the expulsion of the nobles by the people. The exiled party joined the barbarians, and proceeded to plunder those in the city by sea and land;

and the Epidamnians finding themselves hard pressed, sent ambassadors to Corcyra beseeching their mother country not to allow them to perish, but to make up matters between them and the exiles, and to rid them of the war with the barbarians.

The ambassadors seated themselves in the temple of Hera as suppliants, and made the above requests to the Corcyraeans.

But the Corcyraeans refused to accept their supplication, and they were dismissed without having effected anything.