A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Smith, William

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. William Smith, LLD, ed. 1890

(Ἐρασινίδης), was one of the ten commanders appointed to supersede Alcibiades after the battle of Notium, B. C. 407. (Xen. Hell. 1.5.16; Diod. 13.74; Plut. Alc. 36.) According to the common reading in Xenophon (Xenoph. Hell. 1.6.16), he and Leon were with Conon when he was chased by Callicratidas to Mytilene. But we find Erasinides mentioned afterwards as one of the eight who commanded at Arginusae (Xen. Hell. 1.6.29; Aristoph. Frogs 1194); either. therefore, as Morus and Schneider suggest, Archestratus must be substituted for both the above names in the passage of Xenophon, or we must suppose that Erasinides commanded the trireme which escaped to Athens with the news of Conon's blockade. (Xen. Hell. 1.6. §§ 19-22; Lys. Ἀπολ. δωροδ. p. 162; Schneid. ad Xen. Hell. 1.6.16; Thirlwall's Greece, vol. iv. p. 119, note 3.) Erasinides was among the six generals who returned to Athens after the victory at Arginusae and were put to death, B. C. 406. Archedemus, in fact, took the first step against them by imposing a fine (ἐπιβολή) on Erasinides, and then calling him to account before a court of justice for retaining some public money which he had received in the Hellespont. On this charge Erasinides was thrown into prison, and the success of the prosecution in the particular case paved the way to the more serious attack on the whole body of the generals. (Xen. Hell. 1.7. §§ 1_34; Diod. 13.101.)