A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Smith, William

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. William Smith, LLD, ed. 1890

(Κλονᾶς), a poet, and one of the earliest musicians of Greece, was claimed by the Arcadians as a native of Tegea, but by the Boeotians as a native of Thebes. His age is not quite certain; but he probably lived a little later than Terpander, or he was his younger contemporary (about 620 B. C.). He excelled in the music of the flute, which he is thought by some to have introduced into Greece from Asia. As might be expected from the connexion between elegiac poetry and the flute music, he is reckoned among the elegiac poets. Among the pieces of music which he composed was one called Elegos. To him are ascribed the invention of the Apothetos and

Schoenium, and of Προσὡδίαι. Mention is made of a choral song in which he used all the three ancient modes of music, so that the first strophe was Dorian, the second Phrygian, and the third Lydian. (Plut. de Mus. 3. p. 1132c., 5. p. 1133a., 8. p. 1134a. b., 17. p. 1136f.; Heracl. Pont. p. 140; Paus. 10.7.3.)