A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Smith, William

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. William Smith, LLD, ed. 1890

(Κλεοπάτρα), the authoress of a work on Cosmetics (Κοσμητικόν, or Κοσμητικά), who must have lived some time in or before the first century after Christ, as her work was abridged by Criton. (Galen, De Compos. Medical. sec. Locos, 1.3. vol. xii. p. 446.) The work is several times quoted by Galen (ibid. 1.1, 2, 8, pp. 403, 432, 492, De Pond. et Mens. 100.10. vol. xix. p. 767), Aetius (Lib. Medic. 2.2. 56, p. 278), and Paulus Aegineta. (De Re Med. 3.2. p. 413.) Though at first sight one might suspect that Cleopatra was a fictitious name attached to a treatise on such a subject, it does not really appear to have been so, as, wherever the work is mentioned, the authoress is spoken of as if she were a real person, though no particulars of her personal history are preserved. A work on the Diseases of Women is attributed either to this Cleopatra, or to the Egyptian queen; an epitome of which is to be found in Caspar Wolf's Volumen Gynaeciorum, &c., Basil. 1566, 1586, 1597, 4to.