A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Smith, William

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. William Smith, LLD, ed. 1890

(Χαρικλῆς), an Athenian demagogue, son of Apollodorus, was one of the commissioners (Ζητηταί) appointed to investigate the affair of the mutilation of the Hermae in B. C. 415, on which occasion he inflamed the passions of the with a plot for the destruction of the democracy. (Thuc. 6.27_29, 53, 60, &c.; Andoc. de Myst. p. 6.) In B. C. 413 he was sent in command of a squadron round the Peloponnesus together with Demosthenes, and succeeded with him in fortifying a small peninsula on the coast of Laconia, to serve as a position for annoying the enemy. (Thuc. 7.20, 26.) In B. C. 404 he was appointed one of the thirty tyrants; nor did he relinquish under the new government the coarse arts of the demagogue which had distinguished him under the democracy, violent and tyrannical measures. We may conelude, that he was one of the remnant of the Thirty who withdrew to Eleusis on the establishment of the council of Ten, and who, according to Xenophon, were treacherously murdered in a conference by the leaders of the popular party on the restoration of democracy in B. C. 403. (Xen. Hell. 2.3.2, 4. §§ 24, 43, Mem. 1.2. §§ 31, &c.; Arist. Polit. 5.6, ed. Bekk.; Lys. c. Erat. p. 125; Isocr. de Big. p. 355d.) In the passage last referred to Charicles is mentioned as having been driven into banishmcnt previously to his appointment as one of the tyrants.