A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Smith, William

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. William Smith, LLD, ed. 1890

2. An Athenian orator, and, according to Plutarch, one of the eight whom Alexander, after the destruction of Thebes (B. C. 335), required to be delivered up to him,--on which occasion Demosthenes is said to have quoted the fable of the wolf, who demanded from the sheep the surrender of their dogs. Demades, however, who, it seems, received a fee of five talents for the service, succeeded in propitiating Alexander, and in saving all whose lives were threatened, except the general Charidemus. Arrian gives the number and list somewhat differently, and neither he nor Diodorus mentions Callisthenes. (Plut. Dem. 23, Alex. 13; Diod. 17.15; Arr. Anab. 1.10.)