A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Smith, William

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. William Smith, LLD, ed. 1890

(Ἀκύλας), the translator of the Old Testament into Greek, was a native of Pontus. Epiphanes (De Pond. et Mens. 15) states, that he was a relation of the emperor Hadrian, who employed him in the rebuilding of Jerusalem (Aelia Capitolina); that he was converted to Christianity, but excommunicated for practising the heathen astrology; and that he then went over to the Jews, and was circumcised; but this account is probably founded only on vague rumours. All that we know with certainty is, that having been a heathen he became a Jewish proselyte, and that he lived in the reign of Hadrian, probably about 130 A. D. (Iren. 3.24; Euseb. Praep. Evan. 7.1; Hieron. Ep. ad Pammach. vol. iv. pt. 2, p. 255, Mart.)