A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

Smith, William

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. William Smith, LLD, ed. 1890

an ACARNANIAN, who had once been a friend of Philip III. of Macedonia, but forsook him, and insinuated himself so much into the favour of Antiochus the Great, that he was admitted to his most secret deliberations. He advised the king to invade Greece, holding out to him the most brilliant prospects of victory over the Romans, B. C. 192. (Liv. 35.18.) Antiochus followed his advice. In the battle of Cynoscephalae, in which Antiochus was defeated by the Romans, Alexander was covered with wounds, and in this state he carried the news of the defeat to his king, who was staying at Thronium, on the Maliac gulf. When the king, on his retreat from Greece, had reached Cenaeum in Euboea, Alexander died and was buried there, B. C. 191. (36.20.)